Reply: Listed below are some shrubs you’ll be able to add to your panorama so as to add autumn coloration and curiosity:
Tiger Eyes cutleaf staghorn sumac is a cultivar that’s smaller and fewer aggressive than the native staghorn sumac, which will get 16 ft tall and 20 ft extensive and suckers like loopy. Tiger Eyes reaches 6 ft by 6 ft at maturity, has lovely golden to chartreuse foliage and pink leaf stems. Autumn is when it’s in its glory – with its foliage altering to yellow, orange, and intense scarlet. It may be used as an accent plant or in mass plantings. Tiger Eyes must be planted in full solar to half shade and tolerates a variety of soil. It’s hardy to zone 4, however many efficiently develop it right here in zone 3.
Black chokeberry (Aronia) is a Minnesota native that has showy white flower clusters in spring and vibrant foliage colours of pink, orange, and purple in autumn. It reaches 3 to six ft tall and extensive at maturity. It’s usually utilized in mass plantings or for erosion management due to its suckering behavior. The purplish-black berries are edible and excessive in antioxidants. They’re too astringent to eat uncooked, however are used to make jams, jellies, syrup, and wine. The fruit can persist into winter and function a meals supply for birds.
Serviceberry is a shrub or small tree that has five-petaled clusters of white flowers within the spring, clusters of small, darkish purple berries in June, and lovely yellow, orange, or pink fall coloration (relying on the cultivar). The berries are edible and might be eaten recent or utilized in jams, jellies, or pies. Serviceberries appeal to pollinators and birds. Regent will get 6 ft tall by 8 ft extensive, is drought-tolerant, and has yellow and pink fall coloration. Autumn Brilliance will get 25 ft tall by 15 ft extensive and has pink fall coloration. Standing Ovation reaches 15 ft tall by 4 ft extensive and has orange fall coloration.
Burning bush has been a well-liked panorama plant, however it’s such a prolific seeder that it might be added to the Minnesota management listing sooner or later. It does have good pink autumn foliage however you could wish to keep away from it as a consequence of its invasive nature.
Purple Osier dogwood isn’t recognized for its lovely autumn colours, however the colourful pink or yellow bark (relying on the cultivar) present nice winter coloration and curiosity. It’s native to Minnesota and intensely versatile as a panorama plant. Its berries are loved by birds.
Expensive Grasp Gardener: I do know it’s time to fertilize my garden if there’s rain within the forecast, however ought to I additionally fertilize my flowers and shrubs?
Reader Opinion: Sure, early October is the proper time to fertilize your grass to provide it a head begin subsequent spring. Simply be sure that the fertilizer will get watered in properly.
Shrubs and perennials shouldn’t be fertilized in late summer time or fall. Instantly after the summer time solstice in June, when the times begin getting shorter, vegetation begin making ready for winter. Ugh! Their chemical make-up begins to alter and so they decelerate including any new progress as they change to storing their vitality. In the event you abruptly add vitamins, the vegetation will get confused and put out new progress that most likely received’t get hardened off earlier than frost. This new progress received’t survive the winter and means you’ll have quite a lot of pruning of useless ideas subsequent spring. Mulching with compost will give the roots some winter safety and a few vitamins will slowly get launched to the roots because the plant goes dormant.
In case your annuals, like snapdragons or marigolds, want a jolt in late summer time — go forward. You would possibly get one other flush of blooms. We don’t anticipate annuals to outlive a tough frost, so allow them to go loopy proper up till the top.
Expensive Grasp Gardener: Is October the time to plant garlic? Can I plant the garlic cloves from a grocery retailer?
Reply: Garlic must be planted within the fall, often one or two weeks after the primary killing frost. Buy garlic at a neighborhood nursery or backyard middle and select varieties which are tailored to chilly climates. Garlic you buy on the grocery retailer is often grown in northern California and won’t develop properly in Minnesota. Separate particular person cloves one or two days earlier than planting. Plant cloves, pointed aspect up with the bottom of the clove 2 to three inches from the soil floor, 6 inches aside, in double rows. Cowl the world with 3 to 4 inches of chopped leaves or straw mulch, then take away it within the spring after the specter of exhausting freezing is over.
Expensive Grasp Gardener: Can I convey my begonias in and preserve them as a houseplant till subsequent summer time?
Reply: It will depend on what sort of begonia you’ve got. Tuberous begonias must be dug up and saved indoors in a cool place throughout the winter like calla lilies, cannas, dahlias, and gladioli. Dig them up after the primary gentle frost, unfold the tubers on newspaper and allow them to dry for a few week. Then reduce off any remaining foliage and gently shake off extra soil. All the aforementioned bulbs/tubers might be dusted with sulfur powder to forestall illness whereas overwintering. Retailer them in paper baggage or a cardboard field in a cool, darkish, dry place.
Rhizomatous begonias are the best to develop indoors as a houseplant. To determine if yours is a rhizomatous begonia, search for a rhizome (appears like a thick stem) that’s proper across the soil floor. Place your plant in an space the place it will get shiny gentle, however not direct daylight and preserve it barely moist and fertilized. Cane sort begonias, like Angel Wings and the dragon wing sorts may also be saved as houseplants. They want the identical necessities as rhizomatous. Rex begonias are a little bit trickier as a houseplant as a result of they want excessive humidity. They like fixed reasonable moisture, excessive humidity, common fertilization and shiny (however not direct) gentle.
When bringing any plant inside for the winter be sure that they’re freed from bugs or illness. Examine them fastidiously. Clear off the foliage and put a systemic insecticide within the soil.
Expensive Grasp Gardener: I’ve a big linden tree with a big shade backyard beneath it. Two-thirds of the leaves have already fallen and there’s a dense layer of leaves within the backyard masking up the vegetation.
Is it greatest to take away the leaf litter from across the smaller vegetation till we have now freezing circumstances? Or is it greatest to let my shade backyard get coated up this early within the fall? Thanks on your assist and for being such an important useful resource to our neighborhood!
Reply: Leaves clustering over the crowns of perennials create a canopy for mice and voles, that may harm the crowns of vegetation. Additionally, permitting the leaves to pile up on and round perennials encourages perennial crowns to start sprouting too early within the spring after which they’ll get broken. I’ve the identical state of affairs, solely my tree is an oak and I preserve the leaves off the perennials.